CAREERS IN FITNESS
An Overview of the Fitness Industry
In terms of revenue, the fitness industry in Europe has become the largest worldwide, topping even the United States and Canada. The value of the health and wellness market within Europe tends to be much higher in western European countries than in eastern European countries, nonetheless both show a steady increase. The revenue of the health club industry of European countries show that the United Kingdom and Germany are clearly on top, followed by France, Italy and Spain.
The fitness industry has seen growth year on year and the market size is estimated to reach approximately £22.8 billion by 2020 in the UK alone, with personal training growing at 2.8% annually and accounting for a staggering £631 million in revenue.
A career in fitness is a great choice for someone who is a "people person" as the job will involve you interacting with a diverse range of clients.
The roles within the industry have been constantly evolving with its growth over the past 20 years. The career path within the fitness industry for those with the accredited fitness qualifications is to take either a role based on the gym floor or fitness studio (fitness instructors, personal trainers, group training instructors); or a career in management (health club managers, duty managers, personal training/studio managers, etc). Management roles can often be seen as a natural career progression, after a few years experience gained from hands on fitness instruction.
The hands-on roles of those instructing fitness to clients on the gym floor is traditionally split between gym instructors and personal trainers.
There are various levels of exercise professionals:
Level 2 Fitness Instructor:
The Level 2 (Level 3 Europe) Fitness Instructor certificate is seen as the first step to obtain a job as a Gym Instructor and will be required as a prerequisite for study to obtain further fitness qualifications such as Circuits Instructor and Personal Training.
The role within the fitness industry of those qualified to level 2 Fitness instructor was to be present on the gym floor and to provide general help and advice to a large number of people (ie the gym members). Their purpose is to ensure that everybody on the gym floor is training safely. This is achieved by demonstrating how to use the equipment correctly and teaching the gym members into independence with their use. Depending on the induction policy where they work, it is usual for gym instructors to also provide fitness and health appraisal and a basic fitness programme for new gym members as part of their gym induction.
If the gym instructor has other level 2 fitness qualifications, then they may also provide group training classes (eg circuits, TRX, spinning, body pump etc) in the gym studio.
You should choose a course provider that offers an accredited Level 2 Fitness Instructor (Gym) qualification from an examining body such as Active IQ or YMCA (CYQ).
Level 3 Personal Trainer:
If you want to qualify as a certified Personal Trainer, then the course needs to be at Level 3 (Level 4 in Europe). Again, both Active IQ and CYQ Level 3 Personal Trainer qualifications are popular.
Level 3 qualifications are designed to provide an advanced level of exercise and fitness knowledge and these qualifications provide the basis for careers working 1:1 with clients.
Personal trainers work with individuals to help facilitate diet and fitness goals. A personal trainer will not work with as many people (they will only train their own PT clients), but the significant difference between themselves and a fitness instructor is that personal trainers will have a far deeper and meaningful impact on their clients’ route towards health and wellness. Together, client and trainer will agree long term goals and destination the client wishes to arrive at. The personal trainer will use their knowledge to plot a fitness journey through lifestyle analysis, training programme design and nutrition guidance for their client to achieve success.
It is important to note that the fitness industry has been evolving so that an individual performing just the role of a fitness instructor only is becoming less common. Many health club business models allow personal trainers to work a set number of hours a week as a gym instructor in lieu of “rent” and allowing them to personal training clients on the gym floor at other times. Pro-active PTs can use the time spent in this role to market their services and show the advantages and service they would be able to provide during these induction sessions with the gym’s new members.
Level 4 Personal Trainer:
If you wish to further develop your learning, there are various courses at Level 4 designed to deliver GP referral fitness training to special populations. This is the highest level of registration available on REPS, placing the Level 4 Specialist Exercise Instructor at the pinnacle of their profession.
Gyms and health clubs would not be willing to employ anybody that are not registered to the appropriate level for their role.
Employment Opportunities as a Personal Trainer:
Once you graduate with a recognised Personal Trainer qualification there are a number of opportunities and niches within the fitness industry for you to work in.
Working as a PT within a gym environment is an excellent place to start for a recently qualified personal trainer and has a number of benefits, as well as providing an immediate, regular income.
You will have the opportunity to interact with lots of potential clients and have available all the equipment at the gym to train them. Many of the larger health club chains also have PT business strategies which identify that newly qualified PT are time rich rather than have cash readily available, so PT “rent” is often in the form of providing a set number of hours per week as a fitness instructor, rather than paying a £ rent. This helps to keep set up costs relatively low.
Many health clubs provide support for their PTs with building up a client base and as this grows, operate a sliding scale for rent, where you can elect to pay more £ for your PT and reduce the number of hours you work for free. This allows you to maximise your time to earn money from personal training sessions.
Working within a health club also provides the opportunity for you to instruct group training classes on their studio timetable which provides an additional regular income stream.
You will also find new doors open to you, such as networking with other professionals working at the club and longer term opportunities to a management position role within the health club (PT manager, duty manager, centre manager, etc).
Many personal trainers decide to set up their own personal training business and become self-employed. One of the driving factors directing you towards considering a career as a personal trainer might be the chance to be your own boss and work for yourself.
As a freelance PT, it is more likely that gym based training with your clients will take place at smaller health club chains or stand alone gyms. The “rent” payable for using their facilities is usually more favourable to the PT than those for larger corporate health club organisations.
However, as the fitness industry moves towards more functional training methods, with less emphasis and need for traditional cardio and resistance machines, there has been an evolution towards personal trainers providing client training sessions from their own space - such as their own, or shared PT studio specifically set up for personal training. Unlike health clubs that are populated with every machine conceivable, swimming pools and spa areas etc, PT studios comprise of a stripped down, practical training space comprising of essential equipment only at a premises ranging anything from a small retail unit to larger industrial use sized facility.
Another appeal to begin a career in personal training is that you don’t need to be stuck indoors all day. A small investment in some equipment will allow you to travel to clients’ homes for training. Personal trainers also have the ability to get outdoors with their clients, in a variety of formats - on a 1:1 basis, small group training or scaled up to group training bootcamp sessions that often provide a personal trainer with their best income return per hour.
One of the biggest growth areas of recent years has been the advent of online personal training. As consumers turn to the internet for their purchases, personal training is no different and a website allows personal trainers to attract online customers allowing you to set goals with them, plan programmes, provide nutritional guidance, monitor and track their progress remotely.
HOW MUCH CAN I EARN AS A PERSONAL TRAINER?
So you are passionate about health and fitness and are wondering whether you can make a career out of doing something you love. After all, if you choose a job that you love, then you will never have to work a day in your life....
The fitness industry is a dynamic and rewarding industry to work in and offers many different career paths and niches as you enhance your qualifications and become more accomplished over time.
Certified personal trainers tend to share an enthusiasm for keeping themselves fit and active and thrive on earning their income doing what they love in their spare time. Working as a personal trainer is both a mental and physical challenge, assisting and encouraging others to achieve their goals that can make incredible differences to their lives. The rewards of being such a vital cog in a client’s personal journey to physical wellness
How much can I earn as a PT:
The earning potential of a personal trainer is significantly higher than that of a fitness instructor and averages anywhere between £25,000 - £60,000 per annum depending on hourly rate charged and the number of hours worked per week.
Personal trainers are typically paid by the hour for each session with a client, in the UK earnings range from between £25-£50 per hour (top trainers can earn up to £100 per hour!) and this will be dependant on a number of factors that we identify below.
The personal trainers that earn the most money are often boot camp instructors, weight loss experts or online personal trainers.
A career as a personal trainer is one that you can achieve with a little bit of hard work and determination. The issue of a personal trainer salary however is another matter altogether. The wages can vary depending on the services you offer. If you are serious about making personal training a full time career, then you must have a unique USP and target a specific audience.
Here are a few major factors that determine the salary most UK personal trainers are paid.
If you have no certifications in personal training, then you can be sure that the demand for your services is going to be lower. This means that your salary or wages are going to follow suit. The more knowledge you gain, the greater your chances of success with clients and the more reputable you will be as personal training is a results-driven vocation. This means that you can expect higher payment for your services. Invest in yourself to invest in your business.
If you are an expert in a fitness niche or two, then you are going to be considered an authority in that area, which will raise demands for your services. Some specialties are more demanding than others are. You will therefore find in much easier to charge higher services for your training services.
The kind of certification courses that you get also matter. Certifications courses offered by reputable personal training schools which are REPS accredited are much better for your wallet than those from lesser-known schools. You may want to consider that when applying for them.
The longer you have worked as a personal trainer, the more knowledge you will acquire. This is especially true if you have taken the time to stay updated with current scientific research and effective fitness training methods. You will also be in a better position to know what works for different clients and what does not. Because of all these things, the more experience you have, the more likely you are to earn higher personal training wages.
In some cities, people do not require a lot of motivation to stay fit because they have all the resources they require at their disposal. In other cities, the demand is much higher for personal trainers because everyone has other priorities and thus requires someone to keep them accountable.
The location that you will be working from therefore affects your pay scale. In cities like London for example, being a personal trainer is a good thing. This is because most people in the area are very conscious of how they look.
The location you work from can also work against you. This may happen if the supply of fitness instructor jobs far exceeds the demand.
You should therefore try to work in a location where the demand is high for fitness experts, yet the supply does not cause you to accept lower pay.
Fixed Salary Vs Hourly Wages:
How you are going to be paid will also affect how much you take home at the end of the day. Some employers will pay you per hour that you have worked while others will pay you a fixed salary. In both cases, you may also receive bonuses every year depending on how the business performs.
How you are paid may or may not be a good thing. The problem with hourly wages is that if you do not work, then you are not paid. However, if these wages are high enough, it may not matter.
On the other hand, a fixed salary may mean job security. However, the overall salary paid may be lower than what you should have earned if you put in more hours of work than what is required.
You must weigh up carefully the options you have as far as how you are paid is concerned. This way you will be able to decide on whether you are being paid fairly or not.
Type of services offered:
What kind of services will you be offering? If you are a highly qualified personal trainer who has specialised in a highly popular niche, then you should expect to be paid personal trainer salary that is much higher than usual.
If you intend to provide one-on-one training to individual clients, then your clients will be paying more for this extra attention. Group sessions however, are usually a bit cheaper, which may affect your overall take-home pay. If the number of people you train is large enough though, then you may end up making more money.
There is no one way of determining a personal trainers salary because the variants are too many. The above listed factors however, will help you make good estimates of how much you can earn.
Governing Bodies Different countries and different regions of the world are governed and controlled by different governing bodies and registers.
http://www.icreps.org is an international partnership of these bodies that register exercise professionals across four continents.
The following countries currently operate exercise registration bodies that are partners of ICREPs – therefore; qualifications approved by any of these bodies are transferable and recognised in each of the partner countries:
- United Kingdom - http://www.exerciseregister.org/ Register of Exercise Professionals (REPs) for UK
- Ireland - http://www.repsireland.ie/ Register of Exercise Professionals (REPs) for Ireland
- Europe - http://www.ereps.eu.com/ The European Register of Exercise Professionals (EREPs):
- USA - http://www.usreps.org/ U.S. Registry of Exercise Professionals (USREPS)
- Australia - https://fitness.org.au/ Fitness Australia
- New Zealand - http://www.reps.org.nz/ Register of Exercise Professionals (REPs) – New Zealand
- South Africa - http://www.repssa.com/ Register of Exercise Professionals (REPs) – South Africa
- United Arab Emirates - http://www.repsuae.com Register of Exercise Professionals (REPs) U.A.E
- Canada - http://www.repscanada.com/ Register of Exercise Professionals (REPs) – Canada
Fitness professionals must register with the register of the country/region where they obtained their qualification and then if working in another country, transfer their membership to the new register.
In the UK and Ireland, Gym Instructors and Personal Trainers traditionally needed to be registered with REPS – The Register of Exercise Professionals, but this body has less influence now and many in the industry are backing CIMSPA as the new authority and regulator of the domestic fitness industry.
To become registered with REPS, you need to be able to show that the fitness qualification you obtained is accredited by them. Once you have gained a recognised qualification from an approved training provider, you may then become a member of REPS at the relevant level.
Membership costs £40 per year. Throughout the rest of Europe, EREPS is the governing body for fitness professionals. Benefits of joining the register are that potential clients can find you on the REPS directory and will have confidence in knowing that you have been trained to a competent level. This gives you the credibility to begin training people and shows that you are certified. REPS requires its members to show that they are continuing with their professional development, ie you are required to up skill over time to keep your knowledge up to date with the constantly evolving industry.